Chapters 1 and 2


A row of brick-built houses with slate roofs, at the edge of a large mining village in Staffordshire. The houses are dingy and colourless, and without relief of any kind. So are those in the next row, so in the street beyond, and throughout the whole village. There is a dreary monotony about the place; and if some giant could come and pick up all the rows of houses, and change their places one with another, it is a question whether the men, now away at work, would notice any difference whatever until they entered the houses standing in the place of those which they had left in the morning. There is a church, and a vicarage half hidden away in the trees in its pretty old-fashioned garden; there are two or three small red-bricked dissenting chapels, and the doctor’s house, with a bright brass knocker and plate on the door. There are no other buildings above the common average of mining villages; and it needs not the high chimneys, and engine-houses with winding gear, dotting the surrounding country, to notify the fact that Stokebridge is a mining village.

It is a little past noon, and many of the women come to their doors and look curiously after a miner, who, in his working clothes, and black with coal-dust, walks rapidly towards his house, with his head bent down, and his thick felt hat slouched over his eyes.

“It’s Bill Haden; he works at the ‘Vaughan.'”

“What brings he up at this hour?”

“Summat wrong, I’ll be bound.”

Bill Haden stopped at the door of his house in the row first spoken of, lifted the latch, and went in. He walked along a narrow passage into the back-room. His wife, who was standing at the washing-tub, turned round with a surprised exclamation, and a bull-dog with half-a-dozen round tumbling puppies scrambled out of a basket by the fire, and rushed to greet him.

“What is it, Bill? what’s brought thee home before time?”

For a moment Bill Haden did not answer, but stooped, and, as it were mechanically, lifted the dog and stroked its head.

“There’s blood on thy hands, Bill. What be wrong with ‘ee?”

“It bain’t none of mine, lass,” the man said in an unsteady voice. “It be Jack’s. He be gone.”

“Not Jack Simpson?”

“Ay, Jack Simpson; the mate I ha’ worked with ever since we were butties together. A fall just came as we worked side by side in the stall, and it broke his neck, and he’s dead.”

The woman dropped into a chair, threw her apron over her head, and cried aloud, partly at the loss of her husband’s mate, partly at the thought of the narrow escape he had himself had.

“Now, lass,” her husband said, “there be no time to lose. It be for thee to go and break it to his wife. I ha’ come straight on, a purpose. I thawt to do it, but I feel like a gal myself, and it had best be told her by another woman.”

Jane Haden took her apron from her face.

“Oh, Bill, how can I do it, and she ill, and with a two-month baby? I misdoubt me it will kill her.”

“Thou’st got to do it,” Bill said doggedly, “and thou’d best be quick about it; it won’t be many minutes afore they bring him in.”

When Bill spoke in that way his wife knew, as he said, that she’d got to do it, and without a word she rose and went out, while her husband stood staring into the fire, and still patting the bull-dog in his arms. A tear falling on his hand startled him. He dropped the dog and gave it a kick, passed his sleeve across his eyes, and said angrily:

“Blest if I bain’t a crying like a gal. Who’d a thawt it? Well, well, poor old Jack! he was a good  mate too”—and Bill Haden proceeded to light his pipe.

Slowly and reluctantly Mrs. Haden passed along the row. The sad errand on which she was going was one that has often to be discharged in a large colliery village. The women who had seen Bill go in were still at their doors, and had been joined by others. The news that he had come in at this unusual hour had passed about quickly, and there was a general feeling of uneasiness among the women, all of whom had husbands or relatives below ground. When, therefore, Jane Haden came out with signs of tears on her cheeks, her neighbours on either side at once assailed her with questions.

“Jack Simpson’s killed by a fall,” she said, “and I ha’ got to break it to his wife.”

Rapidly the news spread along the row, from door to door, and from group to group. The first feeling was everywhere one of relief that it was not their turn this time; then there was a chorus of pity for the widow. “It will go hard with her,” was the general verdict. Then the little groups broke up, and went back to their work of getting ready for the return of their husbands from the pit at two o’clock. One or two only, of those most intimate with the Simpsons, followed Jane Haden slowly down the street to the door of their house, and took up a position a short distance off, talking quietly together, in case they might be wanted, and with the intention of going in after the news was broken, to help comfort the widow, and to make what preparations were needed for the last incoming of the late master of the house. It was but a minute or two that they had to pause, for the door opened again, and Jane Haden beckoned them to come in.

It had, as the gossips had predicted, gone hard with the young widow. She was sitting before the fire when Jane entered, working, and rocking the cradle beside with her foot. At the sight of her visitor’s pale face, and tear-stained cheeks, and quivering lips, she had dropped her work and stood up, with a terrible presentiment of evil—with that dread which is never altogether absent from the mind of a collier’s wife. She did not speak, but stood with wide-open eyes staring at her visitor.

“Mary, my poor girl,” Mrs. Haden began.

That was enough, the whole truth burst upon her.

“He is killed?” she gasped.

Mrs. Haden gave no answer in words, but her face was sufficient as she made a step forward towards the slight figure which swayed unsteadily before her. Mary Simpson made no sound save a gasping sob, her hand went to her heart, and then she fell in a heap on the ground, before Mrs. Haden, prepared as she was, had time to clasp her.

“Thank God,” Jane Haden said, as she went to the front door and beckoned the others in, “she has fainted.”

“Ay, I thawt as much,” one of the women said, “and a good job too. It’s always best so till he is brought home, and things are straightened up.”

Between them Mary Simpson was tenderly lifted, and carried upstairs and laid on the bed of a lodger’s room there. The cradle was brought up and put beside it, and then Jane Haden took her seat by the bed, one woman went for the doctor, while the others prepared the room below. In a short time all that remained of Jack Simpson was borne home on a stretcher, on the shoulders of six of his fellow-workmen, and laid in the darkened room. The doctor came and went for the next two days, and then his visits ceased.

It had gone hard with Mary Simpson. She had passed from one long fainting fit into another, until at last she lay as quiet as did Jack below; and the doctor, murmuring “A weak heart, poor little woman; the shock was too much for her,” took his departure for the last time from the house. Then Jane Haden, who had not left her friend’s side ever since she was carried upstairs, wrapped the baby in a shawl and went home, a neighbour carrying the cradle.

When Bill Haden returned from work he found the room done up, the table laid for tea, and the kettle on the fire. His wife was sitting by it with the baby on her lap.

“Well, lass,” he said, as he entered the room, “so the poor gal’s gone. I heard it as I came along. Thou’st’s had a hard two days on’t. Hulloa! what’s that?”

“It’s the baby, Bill,” his wife said.

“What hast brought un here for?” he asked roughly.

Jane Haden did not answer directly, but standing in front of her husband, removed the handkerchief which covered the baby’s face as he lay on her arm.

“Look at him, Bill; he’s something like Jack, don’t thou see it?”

“Not a bit of it,” he said gruffly. “Kids don’t take after their father, as pups do.”

“I can see the likeness quite plain, Bill. Now,” she went on, laying her hand on his shoulder, “I want to keep him. We ain’t got none of our own, Bill, and I can’t abear the thought of his going to the House.”

Bill Haden stood irresolute.

“I shouldn’t like to think of Jack’s kid in the House; still he’ll be a heap of trouble—worse nor a dozen pups, and no chance of winning a prize with him nohow, or of selling him, or swopping him if his points don’t turn out right. Still, lass, the trouble will be thine, and by the time he’s ten he’ll begin to earn his grub in the pit; so if thy mind be set on’t, there’s ‘n end o’ the matter. Now let’s have tea; I ain’t had a meal fit for a dog for the last two days, and Juno ain’t got her milk regular.”

So little Jack Simpson became a member of the Haden family, and his father and mother were laid to rest in the burying-ground on the hillside above the village.


A curious group as they sit staring into the fire. Juno and Juno’s daughter Bess, brindles both, with their underhanging lower jaws, and their black noses and wrinkled faces, and Jack Simpson, now six years old, sitting between them, as grave and as immovable as his supporters. One dog is on either side of him and his arms are thrown round their broad backs. Mrs. Haden is laying the table for her husband’s return; she glances occasionally at the quiet group in front of the fire, and mutters to herself: “I never did see such a child in all my born days.”

Presently a sudden and simultaneous pricking of the closely-cropped ears of Juno and Bess proclaim that among the many footsteps outside they have detected the tread of their master.

Jack accepts the intimation and struggles up to his feet just as Bill Haden lifts the latch and enters.

“It’s a fine day, Bill,” his wife said.

“Be it?” the collier replied in return. “I took no note o’t. However it doant rain, and that’s all I cares for. And how’s the dogs? Did you give Juno that physic ball I got for her?”

“It’s no manner of use, Bill, leaving they messes wi’ me. I ha’ tould you so scores o’ times. She woant take it from me. She sets her jaws that fast that horses could na pull ’em apart, and all the while I’m trying she keeps oop a growl like t’ organ at the church. She’s a’ right wi’out the physic, and well nigh pinned Mrs. Brice when she came in to-day to borrow a flatiron. She was that frighted she skirled out and well nigh fainted off. I had to send Jack round to the “Chequers” for two o’ gin before she came round.”

“Mrs. Brice is a fool and you’re another,” Bill said. “Now, ooman, just take off my boots for oim main tired. What be you staring at, Jack? Were you nearly pinning Mother Brice too?”

“I doant pin folk, I doant,” Jack said sturdily. “I kicks ’em, I do, but I caught hold o’ Juno’s tail, and held on. And look ‘ee here, dad, I’ve been a thinking, doant ‘ee lift I oop by my ears no more, not yet. They are boath main sore. I doant believe neither Juno nor Bess would stand bein lifted oop by their ears, not if they were sore. I be game enough, I be, but till my ears be well you must try some other part. I expect the cheek would hurt just as bad, so you can try that.”

“I do wish, Bill, you would not try these tricks on the boy. He’s game enough, and if you’d ha’ seen him fighting to-day with Mrs. Jackson’s Bill, nigh twice as big as himself, you’d ha’ said so too; but it ain’t Christian-like to try children the same way as pups, and really his ears are sore, awful sore. I chanced t’ notice ’em when I washed his face afore he went to school, and they be main bad, I tell ‘ee.”

“Coom here,” the miner said to Jack. “Aye, they be sore surely; why didn’t ‘ee speak afore, Jack? I doant want to hurt ‘ee, lad.”

“I wa’n’t going to speak,” Jack said. “Mother found it out, and said she’d tell ‘ee o’t; but the last two nights I were well nigh yelping when ‘ee took me up.”

“You’re a good plucked ‘un, Jack,” Bill Haden said, “and I owt not t’ ha done it, but I didn’t think it hurt ‘ee, leastways not more nor a boy owt to be hurt, to try if ‘ee be game!”

“And what’s you and t’ dogs been doing to-day, Jack?” the miner asked, as he began at his dinner.

“We went for a walk, dad, after school, out in the lanes; we saw a big black cat, and t’ dogs chased her into a tree, then we got ‘t a pond, and d’ye know, dad, Bess went in and swam about, she did!”

“She did?” the miner said sharply. “Coom here, Bess;” and leaving his meal, he began anxiously to examine the bull-dog’s eyes and listened attentively to her breathing. “That were a rum start for a bull too, Jack. She doant seem to ha’ taken no harm, but maybe it ain’t showed itself. Mother, you give her some hot grub t’ night. Doant you let her go in t’ water again, Jack. What on airth made her tak it into her head to go into t’ water noo, I wonder?”

“I can’t help it if she wants to,” Jack said; “she doant mind I, not when she doant want to mind. I welted her t’other day when she wanted to go a’t parson’s coo, but she got hold o’ t’ stick and pulled it out o’ my hand.”

“And quite raight too,” Bill Haden said; “don’t ‘ee try to welt they dogs, or I’ll welt thee!”

“I doant care,” the child said sturdily; “if I goes out in charge o’ they dogs, theys got to mind me, and how can I make ’em mind me if I doant welt ’em? What would ‘ee say to I if Bess got had up afore the court for pinning t’ parson’s coo?”

As no ready reply occurred to Bill Haden to this question he returned to his meal. Juno and Bess watched him gravely till he had finished, and then, having each received a lump of meat put carefully aside for them, returned to the fire. Jack, curling himself up beside them, lay with his head on Juno’s body and slept till Mrs. Haden, having cleared the table and washed up the things, sent him out to play, her husband having at the conclusion of his meal lighted his pipe and strolled over to the “Chequers.”

Bill Haden had, according to his lights, been a good father to the child of his old mate Simpson. He treated him just as if he had been his own. He spent twopence a day less in beer than before, and gave his wife fourteen pence in addition to her weekly money for household expenses, for milk for the kid, just as he allowed twopence a day each for bones for Juno and Bess. He also when requested by his wife handed over what sum was required for clothing and shoes, not without grumbling, however, and comparisons as to the wants of dorgs and boys, eminently unfavourable to the latter. The weekly twopence for schooling Mrs. Haden had, during the year that Jack had been at school, paid out of her housekeeping money, knowing that the expenses of the dogs afforded no precedent whatever for such a charge.

Bill Haden was, however, liberal to the boy in many ways, and when in a good temper would often bestow such halfpence as he might have in his pocket upon him, and now and then taking him with him into town, returned with such clothes and shoes that “mother” held up her hands at the extravagance.

Among his young companions Jack was liked but feared. When he had money he would purchase bull’s-eyes, and collecting all his acquaintances, distribute them among them; but he was somewhat sedate and old-fashioned in his ways, from his close friendships with such thoughtful and meditative animals as Juno and Bess, and when his wrath was excited he was terrible. Never uttering a cry, however much hurt, he would fight with an obstinacy and determination which generally ended by giving him the victory, for if he once got hold of an antagonist’s hair—pinning coming to him naturally—no amount of blows or ill-treatment could force him to leave go until his agonized opponent confessed himself vanquished.

It was not often, however, that Jack came in contact with the children of his own age. His duties as guardian of the “dorgs” absorbed the greater part of his time, and as one or both of these animals generally accompanied him when he went beyond the door, few cared about having anything to say to him when so attended; for the guardianship was by no means entirely on his side, and however excellent their qualities and pure their breed, neither Juno nor Bess were animals with whom strangers would have ventured upon familiarity.

Jack’s reports to his “dad” of Bess’s inclination to attack t’ parson’s coo was not without effect, although Bill Haden had made no remark at the time. That night, however, he observed to his wife: “I’ve been a thinking it over, Jane, and I be come to the opinion that it’s better t’ boy should not go out any more wi’ t’ dorgs. Let ’em bide at home, I’ll take ’em oot when they need it. If Bess takes it into her head to pin a coo there might be trouble, an I doan’t want trouble. Her last litter o’ pups brought me a ten pun note, and if they had her oop at ‘a court and swore her life away as a savage brute, which she ain’t no way, it would pretty nigh break my heart.”

The execution of this, as of many other good intentions, however, was postponed until an event happened which led to Jack’s being definitely relieved of the care of his canine friends.

Two years had passed, when one morning Jack was calmly strolling along the road accompanied by Juno and Bess. A gig came rapidly along containing two young bagmen, as commercial travellers were still called in Stokebridge. The driver, seeing a child with two dogs, conceived that this was a favourable opportunity for a display of that sense of playful humour whose point lies in the infliction of pain on others, without any danger of personal consequences to the inflictor.

With a sharp sweep he brought down his whip across Jack’s back, managing to include Bess in the stroke.

Jack set up a shout of mingled pain and indignation, and stooping for a stone, hurled it after the man who had struck him. Bess’s response to the assault upon her was silent, but as prompt and far more effectual. With two springs she was beside the horse, and leaping up caught it by the nostrils and dragged it to the ground.

Juno at once joined in the fray, and made desperate attempts to climb into the gig and seize its inmates, who had nearly been thrown out as the horse fell.

Recovering himself, the driver, pale with terror, clubbed his whip, and struck at Juno with the butt-end.

“Don’t ‘ee hit her,” Jack cried as he arrived on the spot; “if thou dost she’ll tear ‘ee limb from limb.”

“Call the brute off, you little rascal,” cried the other, “it’s killing the horse.”

“Thou’d best keep a civil tongue in thy head,” the child said coolly, “or it will be bad for ‘ee. What did ‘ee hit I and Bess for? It would serve ‘ee roight if she had pinned ‘ee instead o’ t’ horse.”

“Call them off,” the fellow shouted as Juno’s teeth met in close proximity to his leg.

“It be all very well to say call ’em orf,” Jack said, “but they doan’t moind I much. Have ‘ee got a strap?”

The man hastily threw down a strap, and this Jack passed through Juno’s collar, she being too absorbed in her efforts to climb into the gig to heed what the child was doing; then he buckled it to the wheel.

“Noo,” he said, “ye can light down t’ other side. She caan’t reach ‘ee there.”

The young men leapt down, and ran to the head of the horse; the poor brute was making frantic efforts to rise, but the bull-dog held him down with her whole might.

Jack shouted and pulled, but in vain; Bess paid no attention to his voice.

“Can you bite his tail?” one of the frightened men said; “I’ve heard that is good.”

“Boite her tail!” Jack said in contempt; “doan’t yer see she’s a full-bred un; ye moight boite her tail off, and she would care nowt about ‘t. I’ve got summat here that may do.”

He drew out a twisted paper from his pocket.

“This is snuff,” he said; “if owt will make her loose, this will. Now one o’ yer take holt by her collar on each side, and hoult tight, yer know, or she’ll pin ye when she leaves go o’ the horse. Then when she sneezes you pull her orf, and hoult fast.”

The fear of the men that the horse would be killed overpowered their dread of the dog, and each took a firm grip upon its collar. Then Jack placed a large pinch of snuff to its nostrils. A minute later it took effect, the iron jaws unclosed with a snap, and in an instant Bess was snatched away from the horse, which, delivered from its terrible foe, sank back groaning on the road. Bess made the most furious attempts to free herself from her captors, but in vain, and Juno strained desperately at the strap to come to the assistance of her offspring.

“Ha’ ye got another strap?” Jack asked.

“There’s a chain in the box under the seat.”

Jack with some difficulty and an amount of deliberation for which the men could gladly have slain him, climbed up into the gig, and presently came back with the chain.

“Noo tak’ her round to t’ other side o’ gig,” he said; “we’ll fasten her just as Juno is.”

When Bess was securely chained to the wheel the men ran to raise the horse, who lay with its head in a pool of blood.

“There’s a pond in yon field,” Jack said, “if ‘ee wants water.”

After Bess was secured Jack had slipped round to Juno, and kept his hand upon the buckle in readiness to loose her should any attempt be made upon his personal safety. The men, however, were for the moment too scared to think of him. It was some time before the horse was got on to its legs, with a wet cloth wrapped round its bleeding wound. Fortunately Bess’s grip had included the bit-strap as well as the nostrils, and this had somewhat lessened the serious nature of the hurt.

Jack had by this time pacified the dogs, and when the men looked round, after getting the horse on to its legs, they were alarmed to see him standing by quietly holding the dogs by a strap passing through their collar.

“Doan’t ‘ee try to get into that ere cart,” he said; “you’ve got to go wi’ me back to Stokebridge to t’ lock-oop for hitting I and Bess. Now do you walk quietly back and lead t’ horse, and oi’ll walk beside ‘ee, and if thou mov’st, or tries to get away, oi’ll slip t’ dogs, you see if I doan’t.”

“You little villain,” began one of the men furiously, but a deep growl from Bess in reply to the angry tone at once silenced him; and burning with rage they turned the horse’s head back towards the village and walked on, accompanied by Jack and his dogs on guard.

The arrival of this procession created much excitement, and a crowd of women and children soon gathered. Jack, however, serenely indifferent to questions and shouts, proceeded coolly on his way until he arrived at the residence of the local constable, who, hearing the din, appeared at his door.

“Maister Johnson,” the child says, “I give them chaps in charge for saulting I and Bess.”

“And we give this little ruffian in charge,” shouted the men, secure that, in face of the constable and crowd, Jack could not loose his terrible bull-dogs, “for setting his dogs at us, to the risk of our lives and the injury of our horse, which is so much hurt that we believe it will have to be killed.”

Just at this moment Bill Haden—who had returned from work at the moment that a boy running in reported that there was a row, that a horse was covered wi’ blood, and two chaps all bluidy over t’ hands and clothes, were agoing along wi’ Jack and t’ dorgs oop street to lock-oop—arrived upon the spot.

“What’s oop, lad?” he asked as he came up.

“They chaps hit I and Bess, dad, and Bess pinned t’ horse, and Juno would ha’ pinned ’em boath hadn’t I strapped she oop, and then we got Bess orf, and I brought ’em back to t’ lock-oop.”

“How dar ‘ee hit my lad?” Bill Haden said angrily, stepping forward threateningly.

“Look oot, dad, or t’ dogs will be at ’em again,” Jack shouted.

Bill seized the strap from the child’s hand, and with a stern word silenced the dogs.

“Well,” the constable said, “I can’t do nowt but bring both parties afore Mr. Brook i’ the morning. I suppose I needn’t lock ‘ee all oop. Bill, will you bind yourself to produce Jack Simpson t’morrow?”

“Ay,” said Bill, “oi’ll produce him, and he’ll produce hisself, I’m thinking; seems to me as Jack be able to take ‘s own part.”

This sally was received with laughter and applause, for local feeling was very strong in Stokebridge, and a storm of jeers and rough chaff were poured upon the bagmen for having been brought in prisoners by a child.

“Thee’d best get away to th’ inn,” the constable said, “else they’ll be a stoaning thee next. There be only two on us here, and if they takes to ‘t we sha’n’t be able to do much.”

So the men, leading their horse, went off to the Inn, groaned and hooted at by the crowd on the way. On their arrival a messenger was at once sent off for a veterinary surgeon who resided some four miles away.

On the following morning the parties to the quarrel, the two bagmen and the injured horse on the one hand, and Jack Simpson with the two bull-dogs under charge of Bill Haden on the other, appeared before Mr. Brook, owner of the Vaughan pit and a county magistrate.

Jack first gave his account of the transaction, clearly and with much decision.

“I war a walking along quiet wi’ t’ dogs,” he said, “when I hears a cart a coming from Stokebridge. I looks round and seed they two chaps, but didn’t mind no further about it till as they came oop that sandy-haired chap as was a driving lets me and Bess ha’ one which made me joomp, I can tell ‘ee. Bess she pinned the horse, and Juno she tried to get into t’ cart at ’em. They were joost frighted, they hollers, and yawps, and looks as white as may be. I fastens Juno oop wi’ a strap and they houlds Bess while I poot some snoof t’ her nose.”

“Put what?” Mr. Brook asked.

“Joost a pinch of snoof, sir. I heard feyther say as snoof would make dogs loose, and so I bought a haporth and carried it in my pocket, for th’ dogs don’t moind oi when they are put oot. And then they gets horse oop and I makes ’em come back to t’ lock-oop, but maister Johnson,” he said, looking reproachfully at the constable, “wouldn’t lock ’em oop as I wanted him.”

There was some laughter among the audience, and even the magistrate smiled. The young men then gave their story. They denied point blank that either of them had struck Jack, and described him as having set his dog purposely on the horse. Jack had loudly contradicted them, shouting, ‘That’s a lee;’ but had been ordered to silence. Then drawing back he slipped off his jacket and shirt, and when the evidence was closed he marched forward up to the magistrate bare to the waist.

“Look at moi back,” he said; “that ‘ull speak for itself.”

It did; there was a red weal across the shoulder, and an angry hiss ran through the court at the prisoners, which was with difficulty suppressed.

“After what I have seen,” Mr. Brook said, “there is no doubt whatever in my mind that the version given by this child is the correct one, and that you committed a cowardly and unprovoked assault upon him. For this you,” he said to the man who had driven the horse, “are fined £5 or a month’s imprisonment. It is a good thing that cowardly fellows like you should be punished occasionally, and had it not been that your horse had been severely injured I should have committed you to prison without option of a fine. Against you,” he said to the other, “there is no evidence of assault. The charge against the child is dismissed, but it is for the father to consider whether he will prosecute you for perjury. At the same time I think that dogs of this powerful and ferocious kind ought not to be allowed to go out under the charge of a child like this.”

The man paid the fine; but so great was the indignation of the crowd that the constable had to escort them to the railway-station; in spite of this they were so pelted and hustled on the way that they were miserable figures indeed when they arrived there.

And so Jack was released from all charge of the “dorgs,” and benefited by the change. New friendships for children of his own age took the place of that for the dogs, and he soon took part in their games, and, from the energy and violence with which, when once excited, he threw himself into them, became quite a popular leader. Mrs. Haden rejoiced over the change; for he was now far more lively and more like other children than he had been, although still generally silent except when addressed by her and drawn into talk. He was as fond as ever of the dogs, but that fondness was now a part only instead of the dominating passion of his existence. And so months after months went on and no event of importance occurred to alter the current of Jack Simpson’s life.